SETTLEMENT IN SLOVAKIA
Temporary Residence Permit in Slovakia: Rules, Purposes and Renewal
A temporary residence enables you residing and socialize in a country longer than it is possible with a visa. Whereas the Schengen visa permits remaining Slovak Republic and the Schengen Area no more than 90 days within six months. A temporary residence enables its holder to reside in Slovakia continuously throughout the period of its validity, in addition to reside freely in the Schengen countries for up to 90 days. Furthermore, a visa is a floor for living in the Schengen Area, but not for employment or business. Our company has extensive experience in obtaining a temporary residence in Slovakia for any purpose, as it has solved many contentious and difficult cases that have led to advanced study of not only the Slovak legal framework, but also the practical nuances during granting the status of temporary residence in Slovakia.
Temporary residence in Slovakia: what are the advantages
- Getting a permit for temporary residence in Slovakia has the following benefits:
- Unrestricted traveling within the states of the Schengen Area and infinite residence in Slovakia (Europe is a small, but very appealing part of the world for travellers );
- Possibility of obtaining visas and submitting the documents to get a residence permit in other countries directly in Slovakia without the need for going to the state of residence;
- Free access to this kindergardens, free study at universities and The possibility of utilizing social benefits for foreigners with temporary residence in Slovakia, established by legislation, such as child benefits (children’s allowance) and retirement benefits (retirement allowance), or insurance paid by a condition in specific cases.
If you hold a temporary residence, a tax residency of the country gives you a possibility to make the most of the tax system of the Slovak Republic, such as tax-exempt dividends, etc..
The advantages of obtaining a temporary residence in Slovakia using a group of businesses Slovakia Invest:
We are the biggest company of immigration to Slovakia for Russian customers in Bratislava, occupying about a quarter of the Russian-speaking immigration market segment,
We have work experience with almost all sections of the Slovak Alien Police, and we all know the distinctions in their approach and the additional requirements at the local level,
Favorable getting and renewal of temporary home using the support of our firm; the number of rejections when getting the first temporary residence for the last four decades: 2014: 0 rejections, 2013: 0 rejections, 0,: 2012: 0 rejections; 2011: two rejections (one of which, consequently, we have won in court); the amount of rejections when renewing the residence permit: 2014: 0 rejections, 2013: 0 rejections, 2012: 0 rejections; 2011: 0 rejections.
Our customers have been granted a temporary residence in Slovakia based on all purposes of temporary residence in Slovakia except civilian units of the armed forces, and research and development,
We’ve experienced the recent changes of Aliens Act, where the authorities in partnership with our firm put practical approaches of its articles into action.
We have resolved controversial issues regarding temporary residence and coped with non-standard scenarios, where many of our competitors washed their hands of this affair, but only in case if our customer did everything under the law;
We work only with hard-working, honest and decent people who want to do something in Slovakia and are looking for their own self-realization, but we refuse people who wish to get a temporary residence for no specific reason.
Temporary residence card in Slovakia (sample):
Temporary Residence Permit in Slovakia
The Purposes of Temporary Home in Slovakia:
The temporary residence in Slovakia could be granted for the following purpose
- Family reunion
- EU Blue Card
- Civilian units of the armed forces
- Special activity
- Research and development
- The status of a Slovak Living Abroad
- Third-country national with a permanent residence permit (permanent residence) in another EU member state also can immigrate to Slovakia and obtain a temporary residence in Slovakia, and herewith has many tastes against other foreign persons in Slovakia.
Alien Police Department at Slovakia grants permission for a temporary residence based on a definite purpose. As a result, the ground for a temporary residence in Slovakia can’t be, by way of instance, possession of the property or company registration in Slovakia, where the applicant for temporary residence will become an investor, i.e. the owner, not the CEO.
An application for temporary residence now can be submitted directly in Slovakia too. Formerly (before 2012) this possibility could be taken only by foreigners, who didn’t require a visa to enter Slovakia. In this respect, if we prepare files on temporary residence before coming to Slovakia, all could be completed in time during three days, and you may apply for a temporary residence in Slovakia.
In cases like this, you save time as there isn’t any need to book an appointment from the Slovak Embassy to be able to submit documents for a temporary home (waiting period: 1-8 weeks), and you don’t lose time that is required for sending the documents from the Embassy to the police (2-6 months ).
We do not recommend you to apply for a temporary residence at the Slovak Consulate, as a diplomatic mission of the Slovak Republic, accepting applications for temporary residence, is qualified to interview the applicant based on this law, about which will prepare a written note, and it should be signed by an applicant. This interview lasts for over one hour, what is more the diplomatic mission of the Slovak Republic is obliged to send to the authorities a decision with a note in the interview in addition to an analysis of interview with its ruling of the foreigner and proposal if a temporary residence ought to be granted or not. There’s absolutely no need for the interview in case of an application for a residence permit in Slovakia directly in the Alien Police Department, and if the police have any queries, it contacts our company as an authorized representative, and finally our specialists answer their questions. It is worth noting that when receiving an application for a residence permit in Slovakia, the employees of Slovak Consulates occasionally require documents that are not necessary to collect for years. This is due to the fact that they do not comply with the changes in immigration law and foreigners who apply for a residence permit at the Consulate by themselves don’t understand the immigration legislation well or are afraid to tell the consular employees that these documents are not necessary.
All documents must not be older than 90 days at the time of submitting the application in the police. The term for application processing begins at the time when police get all documents, but not when the application is submitted. As stated above, this is one reason why it is better to apply for a residence permit directly in Slovakia, but not in the Consulate.
The decision on a temporary residence in Slovakia is issued within 90 days, without some exceptions. Alien Police Department has the right to extend or suspend the term of application processing for extending and getting temporary residence for no longer than 30 days and to suspend for 90 days and, sometimes, even for an indefinite period before this intermediate query will be decided. Alien Police Department suspends the application processing for an indefinite period very seldom.
In case of renewal of temporary residence in Slovakia, in addition to changes in the purpose of temporary residence, the prior temporary residence permit is considered legal in the territory of Slovakia prior to the effective date of the final decision on a new temporary residence even if the validity period of an old document (card) has died. The conditions for renewal of a temporary residence for each specific purpose are presented below.
Please be reminded:
Within 30 days from amassing the house record (temporary residence card), a foreign citizen must submit an Alien Police a record on his health insurance in Slovakia, as well as a medical record, that is issued after a medical inspection by several healthcare centers in Slovakia. In Bratislava such medical inspection for the citizens living in the European region, costs EUR 193 for adults and EUR 90 for children younger than 3 decades. For citizens living in the Asian part that the rates are a little higher. Citizens of third countries are obliged to subscribe health insurance within three days after getting the house record in Slovakia.
In order to avoid any possible problems associated with legal ignorance, we advise you, just in case, to download full list of obligations for third-country nationals in Slovakia.
Here is more information about particular purposes of getting a temporary residence in the territory of the Slovak Republic:
Temporary Residence in Slovakia for the Purpose of Business
Temporary residence for the purpose of company activities in Slovakia is a basic type of immigration to Slovakia and a main type of business legislation to Slovakia. Temporary residence for the purpose of business activities can be acquired by a foreign citizen who does /will do business as an entrepreneur or acts/will act on behalf of a trade business or cooperative, but he hasn’t, or won’t have an employment relationship with the trade company or the cooperative. Consequently, residence permit for the purpose of company activities is obtained in most cases by an entrepreneur or a General Director of LLC. It is important to remember that the residence permit for the purpose of business activities cannot be obtained by LLC member (founder), i.e. owner, but by a General Director only, as a person acting on behalf of the firm.
If you do not have a personal business in Slovakia or a company where you’re its CEO, our firm can help you prepare documents for the registration of the company / sole proprietorship in addition to obtain a temporary residence.
A required document for submitting an application for a temporary residence in Slovakia for the purpose of business, except for certain exceptions, is a business strategy. This business plan complies with clear legal requirements and becomes a fundamental document in the application for a temporary residence for the purpose of business.
Alien Police Department when processing the application for temporary residence for the purpose of business in Slovakia is obliged to ask the Ministry of Economy (MoE) of the Slovak Republic its opinion whether the business of the applicant’s will be useful for the economic needs of the Slovak Republic or not. The Ministry provides an answer in accordance with the list of priority areas that we have on hand.
A foreigner, who would like to get a temporary residence for the purpose of business, is also obliged to collect a document proving financial coverage of business activity, which can be account balance confirmation.
In case of renewal of temporary residence in Slovakia, entrepreneur – CEO must establish settlement of his financial commitments and net profit for the last taxation period, besides such disposable income should amount not less than 60-times the daily life minimal. If the applicant is not engaged in business activity during all prior taxation period, its earnings should amount less 5-times the daily life minimum for each month of the residence permit during the prior taxation period. The income of sole trader must amount not less than 20-times the monthly life minimum. According to these indicators might seem that a residence permit in Slovakia for private entrepreneurs is”cheaper” than for CEOs, but taking into consideration all of the negative facts connected with private entrepreneur’s business operating and liability to pay monthly payments, a residence permit for the purpose of business for CEOs is usually more rewarding than for private entrepreneurs, particularly when there are several directors in the company.
The maximum duration of a first temporary residence in the territory of Slovakia for the purpose of business is 3 decades, however, Alien Police almost always grant it for a period of one and a half year. A temporary residence can be extended for a maximum of three years, when profit for the previous taxation period covers three years, police really extend the residence permit in Slovakia for a maximum period.
A foreigner who was granted a temporary residence for the purpose of business can also study in Slovakia.
Temporary Home in Slovakia for the Purpose of Employment
- In January 2014 the process of getting a temporary residence for the purpose of employment has changed. There are 3 ways to get it:
- Depending on the confirmation of the possibility of filling a vacancy with a foreigner;
On the basis of a work permit
Without confirmation of the potential for filling a vacancy by a foreigner and without a work license, if under the law it’s not required any confirmation or work permit in Slovakia.
The first possibility, based on the confirmation of the possibility of filling a vacancy applies to all foreigners without a valid temporary residence in Slovakia. You can get this confirmation during 30 working days (i.e. approximately 6 calendar months ) and you need to apply for a residence permit only after it is received. The second possibility, based on a work permit applies to the foreigners, who have a valid temporary residence in Slovakia for another function, typically, a family reunion. The term for preparing the documents and receipt of a work permit is 30 days.
The following third country citizens have the right to work without a work permit and without confirmation of the possibility of filling a vacancy by a foreigner in Slovakia.
With permanent residence in Slovakia:
- With permanent residence both in a different EU member state and in Slovakia after the expiry of 12 months of their residence permit in Slovakia;
- With a temporary residence for the purpose of family reunion after the expiry of 12 weeks of their residence permit,
- With a temporary residence for the purpose of family reunion with a foreigner who holds EU Blue Card,
- With a temporary residence on the basis of the status of a Slovak Living Abroad
- Who is a graduate of Slovak secondary college or Slovak university?
Temporary residence for the purpose of employment in Slovakia is issued for up to two years.
The application has to be filed together with an employment contract or employer’s written notification of employment in Slovakia. Consequently, the residence permit for the purpose of employment can’t be obtained without an employer. The law does not give the opportunity to acquire residence permit for the purpose of employment at first, and only then search for an employer.
A foreigner who was granted a temporary residence for the purpose of employment in Slovakia may also study in Slovakia.
Temporary Home in Slovakia for the Purpose of Study
Temporary residence for the purpose of research in Slovakia can be obtained by a foreigner, who is a pupil or student of an educational institution in Slovakia. Such institution can be a high school, college or even pre-study language classes.
The decision on the temporary residence for the purpose of study is issued by the Alien Police within 30 days and can be obtained for a period of 6 years, that is why the residence permit for the purpose of research in Slovakia is very interesting and competitive solution for students from third countries. Residence permit for the purpose of study is also the quickest way to move to Slovakia and obtain a temporary residence. But a foreigner with a temporary residence for the purpose of study shall participate in study and attend classes or lectures.
A foreigner who was granted a temporary residence for the purpose of study in Slovakia is allowed to do business, i.e. become General Director of LLC or register a personal enterprise. He can work without the need to get a work permit up to ten hours per week or the equivalent number of hours annually.
Our company has great experience in the preparation of files of a temporary residence for the purpose of study in Slovakia. Our clients have obtained a temporary residence for the purpose of study as university students, as well as with the aim of Slovak language courses learning. After obtaining a temporary residence in Slovakia, you or your children can study at university of European standard and receive a diploma, valid in the EU and without doubt is recognized, for instance, in the Czech Republic or Germany. In contrast to, for example, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Alien Police Department does not prohibit students to get a temporary residence for the purpose of research, and there are not any events that you will cover education and won’t obtain a residence permit. In the Czech Republic such training in recent years is extremely common, while all our students receive a temporary residence in Slovakia with no obstacles. More detailed information regarding the Slovak universities, in addition to Slovak language courses can be obtained from our website.
Temporary Residence in Slovakia for the Purpose of Family Reunion
Temporary residence in Slovakia for the purpose of family reunion is the safest way to get a temporary residence in Slovakia. Slovak Alien Police, in principle, do not have an opportunity to refuse, since such rejection would be a breach of The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedom dated 4 November 1950, particularly articles 8.
Temporary residence for the purpose of family reunion can be obtained by a foreigner, who Is married to a foreigner with a temporary or permanent residence in the territory of Slovakia, if married couple is at least 18 years old Is an unmarried child under the age of 18 of the foreigners with temporary residence or foreigner with temporary residence or his/her spouse, or an asylum seeker and spouse of an asylum seeker, with a child under his/her maintenance in accordance with the law or decision of the competent body.
Is a dependent child under the age of 18,
Is a dependent child of a foreigner with a temporary residence or his/her partner and, in the age of 18 to 25 years, if the child cannot take care of him/herself due to long term unfavorable health condition;
Is a direct relative of an asylum seeker in the ascending line younger than 18 years old;
Is one parent, determined by a foreigner with a temporary residence in Slovakia for the purpose of business or employment or foreigner with any type of permanent residence in Slovakia
Is a dependent person in accordance with international treaties.
A foreigner with a temporary residence for the purpose of family reunion may immediately after its getting study and carry on business, except for a few and rare exceptions. It’s permitted to work only with a work permit within the first year, and after the expiry of 12 months of the temporary residence you have the right to operate without the work permit and any additional constraints.
The maximum duration of the first temporary residence for the purpose of family reunion in addition to its renewal from the territory of Slovakia is 5 decades. In practice, the police grant the residence permit until the conclusion of home permit validity of a person, with whom the application was submitted.
Temporary Residence in Slovakia According to EU Blue Card
The Blue Card has been implemented in EU legislation in 2011 to attract a large number of high-skilled immigrants from third countries and to facilitate their life and work in the EU. The Blue Card is the only kind of immigration, which provides a possibility to change the state of residence within the frame of one stay permit, and the period of residence in another EU member state is counted towards the period of residence in Slovakia. This means that, by way of instance, the foreigner with temporary residence who has lived in Slovakia for 5 years is entitled to apply for permanent residence in Slovakia. However, a foreigner who holds the Blue card has the right to apply for permanent residence in the territory of Slovakia after expiration of five years using a temporary residence permit in any EU country, besides it is enough to hold Slovak Blue Card for two years.
In case a foreigner with a temporary residence for the purpose of employment in the territory of Slovakia loses his job, law enforcement will deprive him of a temporary residence. But when he holds a Blue Card, he’s given a three-month period to locate a new employer. A Blue Card holder is allowed to alter an employer during the validity of this card, however, a new employer may be not only Slovak, but also a person from another EU member state. But there are certain limitations. For instance, so as to switch the employer in a different country you must be a holder of a Blue Card in Slovakia for at least 18 months. A foreigner who has been granted a Blue Card in another EU country, can alter his employer to Slovak and get a new card in Slovakia. Nevertheless, according to the law there’s a limitation that for the entire period of the Blue Card validity you can be unemployed only once. The advantage is that the family members of a foreigner who holds a Blue Card have the right to work with no restrictions, as well as with no work permit.
Blue card in Slovakia is issued by Alien Police Department for a maximum of three years, and could be extended for three decades.
According to EU directive the Blue Card focuses on highly qualified third-country nationals for the purpose of highly qualified employment in the EU. Highly qualified work considers the work that needs high professional qualifications, certified by a diploma of higher education or, as an exceptional case, confirmed by at least five years of professional experience at a level comparable with a diploma of higher education. The agreed salary must be at least 1.5 times the average monthly wage in the region of Slovakia, where a foreigner will work and on the place that he will held.
The decision on the temporary residence for the purpose of EU Blue Card is issued by Slovak Alien Police Department within 30 days.
Despite its advantages, the Blue Card is not very popular in Slovakia. In 2012-2013, 12 applications had been filed, 9 of which were powerful, and 3 of those applicants were the clients of our company.
Temporary Residence in Slovakia for Civilian Components of the Armed Forces
Temporary residence for the purpose of performing professional responsibilities by civilian units of the armed forces in Slovakia could be allowed for a foreign citizen, who’s a member of civilian units of the state that has forwarded these units.
The maximum duration of the first temporary residence for the purpose of performing professional responsibilities by civilian units of the armed forces is 5 years, and maximum period of its extension is 3 years.
A foreigner with a temporary residence for this purpose during his/her residence can also study in Slovakia.
Temporary Residence in Slovakia for the Purpose of Special Activity
Temporary residence for the purpose of special activity can be obtained by a foreigner, who is not an entrepreneur with the aim of:
Internship as a part of study
Tasks arising from government programs of the Slovak Republic or the European Union programs
Fulfillment of the Slovak Republic obligations under an international agreement
Medical treatment, besides if necessary, a residence permit for this purpose can be obtained by a foreign person accompanying the patient
Activities of a journalist licensed in the Slovak Republic
A foreigner with a temporary residence in Slovakia for the purpose of special activity also has the possibility during his/her residence to research in Slovakia. The first temporary residence can be obtained for the period of two decades and extended for three decades.
This temporary residence in Slovakia is issued comparatively rare. The most attractive purposes of particular activity are volunteering, in addition to medical treatment. Our customers have received a temporary residence also as journalists and athletes.
Temporary Residence in Slovakia for the Purpose of Research and Development
Earlier this type of temporary residence in Slovakia was a part of this temporary residence for the purpose of special activity. An internship agreement is the fundamental document.
The term for program processing is only 30 days. A foreigner with a temporary residence in Slovakia for this purpose has the right to study and do business. The first temporary residence can be obtained for the period of 2 years and extended for three decades.
Temporary Residence on the Ground of the Status of a Slovak Living Abroad in Slovakia
- Certificate of Slovak living abroad (sample):
- Certification of Slovak living abroad
A third-country national holding a Certificate of a Slovak Living Abroad also enjoys the right to immigrate to Slovakia by obtaining a temporary residence. This Certification is a basic document for obtaining a temporary residence. The Certificate is issued in the country of citizenship by submitting the documents in the Embassy or at the Office for the Slovaks living abroad in Slovakia providing that there are documents confirming:
Slovak nationality or having direct relatives to the next generation (grandparents, great-grandparents). Such documents could be a birth certificate, marriage certificate, a document of citizenship, etc..
National identity (national consciousness and cultural identity), active demonstrations of being part of the Slovak nation and its national values, proficiency and diffusion of the Slovak language, national cultural heritage and traditions. Such affirmation could be certificates and notifications of the results of these public actions, the notifications of additional foreign Slovaks, etc..
The maximum duration of the initial temporary residence based on the status of a Slovak living overseas is 5 years and could be extended for five decades. But the third-country nationals holding a Certificate of a Slovak living abroad has the right to apply for citizenship 3 years after obtaining a temporary residence. A foreigner with a temporary residence in Slovakia based on the status of a Slovak living abroad is eligible to study, work and do business in Slovakia.